Professional Development & Supporting Teachers
Over the last several years, transitional kindergarten classrooms across California have developed a growing body of evidence suggesting that there are common themes in a TK classroom that can make the gift of time successful. Designed specifically for the unique needs of our youngest kindergarten students, successful TK instruction is integrated, differentiated and culturally responsive, and includes strong family engagement.
Creating a quality TK experience for children and building a successful transitional kindergarten program requires a great deal of administrative leadership. With your guidance and support, teachers can build a strong continuum of practice throughout their schools. As schools start new TK programs, consider the following important elements to initiate a professional development plan.
Young children gain new skills and understanding through active, hands-on experiences. They need instructional programs that provide engaging whole group, small group, paired and individual activities, and language-rich learning environments that include spaces such as block areas, cozy reading centers and dramatic play areas. You and other administrators in your district can support teachers in building a rich program with the ideas below:
- Hands-on Activities - Help teachers secure resources for materials to set up an active hands-on learning environment (See suggestions for learning center ideas and strategies on page 60 of CCSESA’s Transitional Kindergarten Planning Guide)
- Setting Up for the Year - Arrange time and support before the beginning of the school year for instructional planning and classroom set-up. See classroom environment for more information.
- Planning Time - Provide ongoing time and support for planning and reflection to ensure that the environment and classroom activities are responsive to children’s changing needs.
- Integrated and Differentiated Instruction - Offer templates for integrated lesson plans. See sample lesson planning for more information, small group activities, and fun and meaningful transition activities.
- Instructional Tools - Share instructional tools for social emotional, mathematics, English language arts, English language development and overarching information on classroom and instructional planning.
TK is a unique program that gives children the gift of a year in a language-rich, high-quality early childhood educational program. It gives teachers the time and opportunity to set a foundation for students of lifelong learning through developmentally appropriate instructional practices. You and fellow administrators can support teachers in the following ways:
- Highlight Social-Emotional Development - Emphasize the important role teachers play in supporting children’s social-emotional development, an integral aspect of student success. Administrators can provide specific resources such as the Center for Social Emotional Foundations of Early Learning (CSEFEL). Free teacher resources can be found on the CSEFEL website.
- Create a Dynamic Classroom - Support teachers in creating classrooms that give children time, space, and multiple opportunities to develop oral language. These opportunities allow children to practice and build English Language as well as Home Language skills. See English language arts for more information.
- Underscore Early Math - Let teachers know that early math is gaining evidence as a predictor of many later skills. Tools for planning meaningful math activities can be found in the mathematics section.
- Create an Assessment Plan - Develop a plan with TK/K staff for ongoing formal and informal formative assessments that informs instruction and provides guidance to meet the needs of children in whole group, small group, paired and individual work. See the assessments section for more information.
- Welcome Families - Develop a system for welcoming children and families, fostering relationships, sharing information and personalizing instruction in partnership with TK/K staff, and maximizing the benefits of the TK year.
Peer coaching and teaming are ways that a district can encourage professional development that continues throughout the year. Ideas to support articulation can be found in the Pre-K-K articulation section. You can support teachers in forming a professional learning community (PLC) by providing opportunities to:
- deepen understanding of child development and learning;
- explore best practices;
- study initial and ongoing assessment tools; and
- review student assessment data and plan differentiated instruction, and monitor and report children’s progress.
Districts have created PLCs that target TK teachers within a school, within a hub of adjacent schools, across their district, as well as across grade levels such as creating a pre-k through kindergarten PLC.
As you help prepare your teachers for the TK year, there are a number of areas that you will want to explore with them in your professional development efforts. The type of training, in-service workshops, conferences, institutes, classes and overall professional development you provide your TK staff really depends on their teaching and professional development experiences. As school districts determine the support their TK staff needs, you can explore partnerships such as your local County Office of Education or others that support professional development.
Click here for a series of transitional kindergarten professional development modules developed through a collaboration among county offices of education
Given the focus on young learners in TK, two key areas of professional development are: utilizing developmentally appropriate instruction for young students and supporting the social-emotional development of young students.
Other professional development areas that can support teachers in addressing the needs of their diverse student population might include:
- supporting teachers' use of formative assessment and differentiated instruction to meet the needs of all students;
- how to plan lessons that integrate subject areas;
- best practices for meeting the needs of English learners; and
- family engagement to support children's learning and development.
For professional development modules developed through a collaboration among county offices of education, click the link to the right or visit the Learn with Us archives. The TK modules provide Social-Emotional, English Language Arts and Mathematics professional development for TK teachers that includes an overview of The Alignment of the California Preschool Learning Foundations with Key Early Education Resources and other strategies and resources to support the implementation of transitional kindergarten.
Additional professional development modules from the California State University Transitional Kindergarten Community can be found here. These modules cover the topics of Child Development, English Learners, Literacy, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies and The Arts.
For more information on professional development, teacher training and supporting teachers, see CCSESA’s Transitional Kindergarten Planning Guide, pages 13-14, and visit CDE's website for the new Transitional Kindergarten Implementation Guide and accompanying videos.
2015 Update to TK Teacher Requirements
California’s 2014-15 state budget included new requirements for TK teacher qualifications, as well as funding to help support transitional kindergarten teachers in earning units in early childhood education. Pursuant to Education Code 48000(g), a school district or charter school shall ensure that credentialed teachers who are first assigned to a TK classroom after July 1, 2015, have, by August 1, 2020, one of the following:
- At least 24 units in early childhood education, or childhood development, or both.
- As determined by the LEA employing the teacher, professional experience in a classroom setting with preschool age children that is comparable to the 24 units of education described in bullet 1.
- A child development teacher permit issued by the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC).
Any current credentialed teacher who is or was assigned to teach TK, or a combination class of kindergarten and TK, on or before July 1, 2015, is “grandfathered in” to teach TK without having to meet additional requirements. Any credentialed teacher assigned to teach TK, or a combination class of kindergarten and TK, after July 1, 2015, will have until August 1, 2020, to meet the above-mentioned education requirements.
In addition to addressing teacher requirements, EC 48000(f) states: “It is the intent of the Legislature that transitional kindergarten curriculum be aligned to the California Preschool Learning Foundations developed by the department.”
California Transitional Kindergarten Stipend Funds
CDE released award notifications for $15 million in California Transitional Kindergarten Stipend (CTKS) funds for professional development, secured through the 2014-15 state budget. This grant funding is intended to supplement existing efforts and investments to transitional kindergarten teachers and Title 5 California State Preschool Program teachers.
Grantees must use CTKS funds for educational and professional development expenses related to early learning, including 1) stipends for credentialed teachers to complete at least 24 units in early childhood education or child development or both; 2) registration costs; 3) tuition; 4) Continuing Education Units in early childhood education, 5) official transcripts that prove the required accredited college units in early childhood education or child development, or a combination of both; and, 6) books. First priority is given to transitional kindergarten teachers, then preschool teachers.
The stipends will be administered by local planning councils (LPCs)—which plan for child care and development services based on the needs of families in the local community—and funding will be expended by March 31, 2019. Starting immediately, semi-annual reports to CDE are due the end of July and January of each year. Grantees should seek legal counsel to determine safeguards to protect public interest and address potential conflicts of interest.
Find more information on the California Transitional Kindergarten Stipend Program webinar page.